India in the News

Geologist says dinosaur fossils found in western India   PhysOrg - January 23, 2016
The team, of 10 mainly German and Indian archaeologists and researchers, dug up the fossils during excavations in Gujarat's marshy coastal district of Kutch, Gaurav Chauhan said.

The Past Teaching the Present: Ancient Sanskrit Texts Discuss the Importance of Environmental and Species Conservation   Ancient Origins - September 15, 2015

One of the greatest challenges facing humanity in the 21st century is the destruction of the natural environment. Researchers have found that environmental change over the last 60 years is happening at a rate unseen in the past 10 000 years. Human-driven climate change, the loss of biosphere integrity, land system change, and the high amounts of biochemicals flowing into oceans due to fertilizer use are said to have reached an unsafe level. With these problems in mind, environmental conservation has become a hot topic in modern society. Nevertheless, this concept has been around for a much longer period of time, and can even be found in Sanskrit texts from ancient India.

Violence, Infectious Disease and Climate Change Contributed to Indus Civilization Collapse   Science Daily - January 17, 2014
A new study on the human skeletal remains from the ancient Indus city of Harappa provides evidence that inter-personal violence and infectious diseases played a role in the demise of the Indus, or Harappan Civilization around 4,000 years ago. The Indus Civilization stretched over a million square kilometers of what is now Pakistan and India in the Third Millennium B.C. While contemporaneous civilizations in Egypt and Mesopotamia, are well-known, their Indus trading partners have remained more of a mystery. Archaeological research has demonstrated that Indus cities grew rapidly from 2200-1900 B.C., when they were largely abandoned. "The collapse of the Indus Civilization and the reorganization of its human population has been controversial for a long time.

Indian language is new to science   BBC - October 5, 2010
Researchers have identified a language new to science in a remote region of India. Known as Koro, it appears to be distinct from other languages in the family to which it belongs; but it is also under threat. Koro was discovered by a team of linguists on an expedition to Arunachal Pradesh, in north-eastern India.

  "Lost" Language Found   National Geographic - October 5, 2010
A language previously unknown to linguists, and spoken by about 800 people has been documented in the mountains of northeast India.

Faces of Koro: Photos of "Lost" Language's Last Speakers   National Geographic - October 5, 2010

'Stunning' Nepal Buddha art find BBC - May 4, 2007
Paintings of Buddha dating back at least to the 12th century have been discovered in a cave in a remote area of Nepal's north-central region. Researchers made the find after being tipped off by a local sheep herder. They discovered a mural with 55 panels showing the story of Buddha's life. The mural was uncovered in March, with the team using ice axes to break through a snow path to reach the cave.

India Acquired Language, Not Genes, From West, Study Says National Geographic - January 11, 2006
Most modern Indians descended from South Asians, not invading Central Asian steppe dwellers, a new genetic study reports. The Indian subcontinent may have acquired agricultural techniques and languages but it absorbed few genes from the west, said Vijendra Kashyap, director of India's National Institute of Biologicals in Noida.

Tsunami Reveals Ancient Ruins in India   AP - March 2005

For a few minutes, after the water had receded far from the shore and before it came raging back as a tsunami, the fishermen stood along the beach and stared at the reality of generations of legends. Or so they say. Spread across nearly a mile, the site was encrusted with barnacles and covered in mud. But the fishermen insist they saw the remains of ancient temples and hundreds of refrigerator-sized blocks, all briefly exposed before the sea swallowed them up again.

"You could see the destroyed walls covered in coral, and the broken-down temple in the middle," said Durai, a sinewy fisherman who, like many south Indians, uses only one name. "My grandfathers said there was a port here once and a temple, but suddenly we could see it was real, we could see that something was out there."

Whatever they saw is back under water and out of sight. But a few hundred yards away, something else came to the surface. The tsunami scrubbed away six feet of sand from a section of beach, uncovering a small cluster of long-buried boulders carved with animals, gods and servant girls.

The Dec. 26 tsunami savaged hundreds of miles of shoreline across Asia. It killed at least 126,000 people in Indonesia and at least 31,000 in Sri Lanka. In India, 10,700 people are confirmed dead, with more than 5,600 missing.

Mahabalipuram, India is the capital of an ancient kingdom and famous for its elaborate Hindu temples, escaped mostly unscathed, with only three dead and limited damage.

And there's something else the tsunami gave back - tourists, drawn by heated headlines in the Indian media about a rediscovered Atlantis.

But what did those fisherman see? Archaeologists laugh at the tales of Atlantis and say it may take years of undersea exploration to uncover the truth.

But nearly everyone around here knows the stories - cocktails of history and mythology that tell of the great port city that traded with China and Southeast Asia some 1,300 years ago.

This is a town made for legend. It is home to dozens of Hindu temples, baroque stone structures often covered with carvings. But legend speaks of its most famous temples: the Seven Pagodas, named for the vaguely pagoda-like style of Hindu temples in this part of India. Those temples, which according to myth are said to have once lined the shore, were so beautiful that the gods destroyed all but one - the so-called Shore Temple, a magnificently carved complex that is now considered a national treasure.

Some fishermen insist they saw more than the six vanished temples when the waters fell back. "There must have been at least 20," said Sunderasan, a young man, gesturing toward the sea. "We had no idea there were so many out there."

Archaeologists say excavations on shore and at sea were already under way before the tsunami struck, and that divers made promising finds of barnacle-encrusted blocks that appear man-made.

"From an archaeological perspective, maybe the tsunami was good. We found some new things," said one man, pointing to the exposed boulders. "But from a human perspective ..." he said, his words drifting into silence. Finally he added: "There was a lot of deaths, a lot of damage, a lot of destruction."

Tsunami throws up India relics BBC Story - February 2005

Sumatra Earthquake Three Times Larger Than Originally Thought Science Daily - February 2005
Scientists Determine Fault Near Tsunami Area Moving 10 Millimeters Per Year Science Daily
Tsunami Redraws Indian Ocean Maps National Geographic
Top World Tsunami Hotspots Detailed Discovery
Tsunami-Battered Sumatra Ripe for More Disaster National Geographic
Seated in one of the world's most geologically active regions, Sumatra is ripe for more cataclysmic earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.
Tsunami waves less than 20ins high in deep water Ananova
Tsunami redrew ship channels, ocean floor MSNBC
4 factors that create tsunamis Discovery

Satellite Images Of Asian Disaster Science Daily

Tsunami in Southeast Asia: Full Coverage National Geographic
Tsunami 2004 - Krakatoa 1883 Discovery

Tsunami's salt water may leave islands uninhabitable New Scientist
Andaman coral 'hit by tsunami' BBC
Tsunamis Leave Secrets in Beach Sediment Discovery

United States
Tsunamis More Likely to Hit U.S. Than Asia National Geographic
Tsunami Experience Prepares Alaska Town for Next One Reuters
Scientists weigh West Coast wave threat MSNBC

Did Island Tribes Use Ancient Lore to Evade Tsunami? National Geographic
Tsunami Family Saved by Schoolgirl's Geography Lesson National Geographic Tribe shoots arrows at aid flight BBC

Ghosts stalk Thai tsunami survivors BBC
The Tsunami of 10, 900 B.C. Zecharia Sitchen
His wife dreamed of floods, he built on stilts, and they survived Tsunami
An enormous number of UFO sightings before Tsunami and earthquake in Southeast Asia India Daily