The tenth dynasty of ancient Egypt (notated Dynasty X) is often combined with Dynasties VII, VIII, IX and XI (Thebes only) under the group title First Intermediate Period. Dynasties IX and X date approximately from 2160 to 2025 BC.
Dynasty IX was founded at Herakleopolis Magna, and Dynasty X continued there. At this time Egypt was not unified, and there is some overlap between these and other local dynasties. The Turin Canon lists eighteen kings for this royal line, but their names are damaged, unidentifiable, or lost. There is no information on the first 3 Pharaohs.
Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for Dynasty X are as follows (dates are uncertain):
Merikare (also Merykare and Merykara) was a pharaoh in the Ninth or Tenth dynasty of Egypt, during the First Intermediate Period in about 2075 BC. His name is not mentioned in the Turin King List; also his dates are uncertain.
Merikare (praenomen "Beloved of the Soul of Re") was possibly the son of Akhtoy Nebkaure, his predecessor as pharaoh. The reign of Merikare was contemporary with the latter part of the reign of Wahankhe Inyotef I of the 11th Dynasty. The Teaching for King Merykara, ascribed to Kheti, may have been addressed to him. He died in 2040 BC.
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